Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article B&Q is trying to encourage more women into management positions to helpit respond to the tastes of its growing army of female customers. Sue O’Neill, diversity manager, B&Q Social Responsibility, said the DIYchain had to respond to the changing nature of its customer base. “Whilethe whole field of home improvement and DIY has traditionally been a verymasculine one, we are seeing more and more women coming into our stores,”she said. In response, the company is eager to encourage more females into seniorpositions within B&Q. Women currently comprise just under 50 per cent of the company’s35,000-strong workforce worldwide, but make up just 9 per cent of managementpositions. “We have run informal focus groups to find out why more women choosenot to develop their careers at B&Q, and have found that the lack of rolemodels and the rather macho culture are largely to blame,” said O’ Neill.”The firm is now looking at ways of addressing the issues raised by thefocus groups.” B&Q research shows the number of women visiting the stores has increasedfrom 2.8 million in 1992 to 4.3 million in 2002. In response, B&Q has started initiatives to make the organisation more‘women-friendly’, such as women-only DIY clubs, which run monthly in stores. B & Q in search of female managersOn 2 Sep 2003 in Personnel Today
Estimating the abundance of long-lived, migratory animals is challenging but essential for managing populations. We provide the first abundance estimates of endangered humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae from their breeding grounds in Oceania, South Pacific. Using fluke photo-identification (1999−2004, n = 660 individuals) and microsatellite genotypes (1999−2005, n = 840 individuals), we estimated abundance with open capture-recapture statistical models. Total Oceania abundance and trends were estimated from 4 primary and 5 secondary sampling sites across the region. Sex-specific genotype data enabled us to account for the difference in capturability of males and females, by doubling male-specific estimates of abundance derived from genotypes. Abundance estimates were congruent between primary- and secondary-region data sets, suggesting that the primary regions are representative of all Oceania. The best estimate of total abundance was 4329 whales (3345−5313) in 2005, from a sex-specific POPAN super-population model, which includes resident whales and those migrating through the surveyed areas. A doubled-male POPAN abundance estimate from 2003 (n = 2941, 95% CI = 1648−4234) was considered the most plausible for the 4 primary survey areas and was similar to the 2003 doubled-male estimate derived from Pradel capture probabilities (n = 2952, 95% CI = 2043−4325). Our results confirm that Oceania is the least abundant humpback whale breeding population in the southern hemisphere. Pradel models showed no significant trend in abundance, which contradicts the recovery seen in most other populations throughout the world. Thus we suggest that the whales in this area warrant continued study and management attention.
View post tag: Cincinnati View post tag: agrees U.S. Navy Agrees on Submarine’s Move to Cincinnati View post tag: U.S. Authorities July 12, 2011 View post tag: Navy View post tag: Move View post tag: Submarines View post tag: Naval Seventeen years ago, Cincinnati City Council unanimously supported the idea to acquire the decommissioned USS Cincinnati, a Cold War nuclear…(cincinnati)[mappress]Source: cincinnati, July 12, 2011; View post tag: News by topic Back to overview,Home naval-today U.S. Navy Agrees on Submarine’s Move to Cincinnati Share this article
View post tag: Croatia Authorities View post tag: Naval View post tag: Arrives Share this article On February 6, NATO ships assigned to Standing Maritime Group Two (SNMG2) arrived in Split, Croatia, for a scheduled port visit during the Group’s deployment to the Mediterranean to enhance maritime security and readiness, and in support of NATO counter-terrorism Operation Active Endeavour.Led by Rear Adm. Brad Williamson (USA N), SNMG2 is currently composed of the flagship USS Vicksburg (CG 69), leading HMCS Fredericton (FFH 337), TCG Turgutreis (F 241), FGS Spessart (A 1442), ITS Aliseo (F 574), FS Marne (A 630), ESPS Patino (A 14) and ESPS Canarias (F 86).Since Williamson assumed command of SNMG2 in July, the Group has deployed to the North American coast, conducting multiple exercises there, and returned to the Mediterranean Sea; contributing to maritime situational awareness and conducting counter-terrorism operations.Seizing the opportunity offered by the port visit, SNMG2 leadership met with Croatian Navy leaders and discussed upcoming maritime exercises. They also hosted local and military authorities for official functions, strengthening bonds within the Alliance and providing assurance to the host nation of Alliance solidarity and commitment to collective defence.Williamson said:These exercises with our Croatian Allies provide a unique opportunity for naval forces from eight Allied nations to share operational knowledge and enhance our interoperability. Exercises like this allow us to combine our Allied maritime forces to respond quickly should the need arise.[mappress mapid=”15087″]Image: MARCOM SNMG2 Arrives in Split, Croatia February 10, 2015 View post tag: europe View post tag: Split Back to overview,Home naval-today SNMG2 Arrives in Split, Croatia View post tag: SNMG2 View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Navy
View post tag: News by topic June 22, 2015 Authorities View post tag: Navy View post tag: europe View post tag: Naval Royal Navy’s HMS Quorn brought the curtain down on the largest military exercise of 2015 by sending three quarters of a tonne of high explosive to its maker. Quorn plus half a dozen other minehunters and command ship FGS Donau have been helping to clear a path for some of the 40-plus ships assigned to Baltops 2015 off Denmark and Poland – and to eradicate any mines lying in the approaches to beaches earmarked for amphibious assaults.It was one of 50 practice mines sown in Baltic waters for NATO’s biggest exercise of the year – and hence the largest exercise yet for Quorn which has been attached to one of the international organisation’s mine warfare forces for three months.Quorn’s principal role was to render the main traffic routes off the coasts of Poland and Denmark safe; upwards of 50 ‘dummy’ mines had been laid especially for the exercise.The culmination of the exercise saw Quorn’s mine clearance team diving on a Danish exercise mine (containing explosives equivalent to 775kg of TNT). To destroy the mine and make the waters safe for shipping the divers laid and detonated an explosive charge under the watchful eye of the ship.[mappress mapid=”16289″]Image: Royal Navy HMS Quorn Wraps Up BALTOPS 2015 Back to overview,Home naval-today HMS Quorn Wraps Up BALTOPS 2015 View post tag: HMS Quorn View post tag: BALTOPS 2015 Share this article
HMAS Toowoomba forms new crew View post tag: HMAS Toowoomba August 17, 2016 View post tag: Royal Australian Navy Royal Australian Navy’s Anzac-class frigate HMAS Toowoomba has formed a new crew, for the first time since 2010, thereby achieving a significant milestone, the navy said.Personnel formed up to crew HMAS Toowoomba, currently undergoing an Anti-Ship Missile Defence upgrade at Henderson Shipyard, Western Australia, on August 1. The frigate is expected to undock next month.Toowoomba Commanding Officer, Commander Stuart Watters, said the event marked a significant achievement in force generation at a time of increased demand from the fleet since the introduction of new capabilities such as the Canberra class amphibious ships.Toowoomba is the seventh frigate to receive the upgrade, which involves the installation of Australian-developed radar technology.However, unlike the previous upgrades, Toowoomba will not undergo a crew swap – where a crew from a ship about to enter deep maintenance take responsibility of a ship coming out of maintenance. Rather, the warship will start with a whole new crew.Executive Officer, Lieutenant Commander Hamish Frazer, described Toowoomba’s reactivation as a “significant challenge”, effectively returning her from an empty shell to an operational and seaworthy vessel.“I am confident Toowoomba can overcome the challenges and be ready to participate in Exercise TALISMAN SABRE 2017 – a bi-lateral exercise between US and Australian defence forces,” he said.Toowoomba is expected to return to Fleet Base West by late November and commence her work up in early 2017. View post tag: ASMD Back to overview,Home naval-today HMAS Toowoomba forms new crew Authorities Share this article
BLUE EDENWhere: 811 Asbury AvenueWhat: Ocean City High School grad Lauren Beakley and Caroline Ranoia bring a women’s specialty boutique to a spot formerly occupied by Kidz Creations. The pair have a successful shop in Stone Harbor and their products include sea glass designs from local artists, organic bath and body products and Kut from the Kloth clothing from Nordstrom.More info: blueedenstoneharbor.com ARTISAN BODYWhere: 918 Asbury AvenueWhat: Ione Talese — daughter of artist Marian Talese, niece of author Gay Talese and sister of Ocean City cafe owner Jon Talese — introduces a new shop featuring artisan body products, hand-made and hand-cut soaps and other organic and natural products. Talese fills a newly renovated spot on the 900 block of Asbury Avenue unoccupied since Superstorm Sandy.More info: 609-398-5661 On the eve of Memorial Day Weekend on Friday (May 23), four Ocean City businesses opened their doors in time for the summer season. City and Ocean City Regional Chamber of Commerce officials participated in ribbon-cutting ceremonies to mark the occasion.All but six of Ocean City’s 119 downtown businesses are occupied and open for business. CALL WAITING LLCWhere: Mobile business making house callsWhat: Ever have to take a day off from work to wait for home services: cable/phone providers, home repair contractors, furniture/package deliveries, medication deliveries or appliance service appointments? A new company owned by respected community member Jane Custer will do the waiting for you. Rates include $35 for two hours.More info: 609-374-7959 or [email protected] or visit website REAL ESTATE HOME DESIGN CENTERWhere: 754 Asbury AvenueWhat: A new professional services office on the 700 block of Asbury Avenue creates a one-stop shop for anybody interested in investing in Ocean City property. The building includes offices for Halliday Architects (Christopher and Shannon Halliday), the Ocean City Development Group (Patrick Halliday and Brian Bourgeois) and a branch office of Berkshire Hathaway Home Services (Patrick Halliday, Brian Bourgeois and Stephen Booth). The entities operate independently, but the partnership allows customers to research, purchase, design and build properties with the help of the same group.More info: hallidayarchitects.com, oceancitydevelopment.com
IndianaLocalNews Tax Day deadline less than one month away Previous articleGoshen Health: COVID-19 transmission increasing at rapid pace in Elkhart CountyNext articleIndiana casinos reopen with big changes 95.3 MNCNews/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel is your breaking news and weather station for northern Indiana and southwestern Michigan. Twitter By 95.3 MNC – June 16, 2020 0 226 WhatsApp Facebook Facebook (“Personal Income Taxes Ver3” by Chris Potter, CC BY 2.0) Tax Day is less than one month away, July 15, and an estimated 500,000 Hoosiers still need to file their individual income taxes, according to the Indiana Department of Revenue.“We always advise individuals to avoid waiting until the last minute, especially if they are expecting a refund,” suggested DOR Commissioner Bob Grennes. “For the fastest service, customers should file electronically—not only are returns processed faster, but they are more accurate and secure.”Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the individual income tax season was extended from the traditional April 15 deadline to July 15 to allow customers more time to file and pay taxes owed. If an individual owes taxes, penalties and interest can be avoided by paying 90% of the tax owed by the July 15 deadline.Additionally, individual estimated payments with deadlines of April 15 or June 15, 2020, are due on July 15.Still need to file? The Indiana free file (INfreefile) program is still available to qualifying individuals to file their individual income taxes for free. If an individual’s adjusted gross income was $69,000 or less in 2019, they may be eligible to use the free online software from DOR-certified vendors.More information on INfreefile may be found on DOR’s website at www.freefile.dor.in.gov.DOR offers several tax tips to assist individuals when filing their returns to avoid delaying their refund, including:Print all information in blue or black ink, if filing by paper.Do not staple any checks or returns.Don’t duplicate your filing (electronically and by paper), as this will cause processing delays.Be sure to send all W-2s and 1099s along with your return.If you receive any correspondence from DOR, respond quickly and accordingly.A full list of tips can be found on DOR’s website at dor.in.gov/5804.htm.Customers with questions about individual income taxes are encouraged to call DOR’s Customer Service team at 317-232-2240, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. EST or by emailing [email protected] Pinterest Pinterest Google+ WhatsApp Twitter Google+
Earlier this week, we shared a playlist with you that featured the debut performance of every single Grateful Dead song, spanning the bands prolific 30 year career. As popular as their originals were, the Grateful Dead almost always added a few covers into their setlists over the years. Some would get played more than others, including the traditional “I Know You Rider,” the Buddy Holly classic “Not Fade Away,” and Johnny Cash’s “Big River,” but almost all of them felt right at home within the confines of a Dead show.Thanks to the mastermind Osty Gale, we now have a definitive playlist that not only catalogs each cover, but shares their debut performances as well. There are some interesting entries on the list, including a number of Beatles songs, a Miles Davis song, some Rolling Stones, and a lot of traditional numbers in the folk/blues genres.The full playlist can be streamed below, with 183 different tracks culled from 30 years of Grateful Dead shows via Eyesoftheworld94. The full listing, with showdates and original artists, is listed at the bottom. Enjoy!It’s worth noting that this playlist doesn’t include songs that were debuted with guest musicians… perhaps those will be in the next playlist?1966: I’m a King Bee [orig. Slim Harpo, 1957/Rolling Stones, 1964] 1/8/66 Im a Hog For You Baby (The Coasters) – 1/8/66 Death Don’t Have No Mercy (Rev. Gary Davis, 1960) 1/8/66 One Kind Favour (Blind Lemon Jefferson) 2/12/66 She’s On the Road again (Trad.) (2/25/66) Next Time You See Me (2/25/66) I know You Rider (Traditional) 2/25/66 Cold Rain & Snow (Traditional) 2/25/66 Stealin (Memphis Jug Band) – 2/25/66 Viola Lee Blues [Cannon’s Jug Stompers, 1928] 3/19/66 It’s a Sin [Jimmy Reed, 1958] 3/19/66 Beat It On Down The Line (Jesse Fuller, 1961) 3/19/66 Heads Up (Freddie King) (3/19/66) Midnight Hour [Wilson Pickett, 1965] 3/19/66 It Hurts Me Too [Elmore James, 1958] (5/19/66) Sitting on Top of the World (Mississippi Sheiks)(5/19/66) New Minglewood Blues [Noah Lewis Jug Band, (5/19/66) Silver Threads and Golden Needles [Wanda Jackson, 1956] (5/19/66) It’s all Over Now Baby Blue [Dylan, 1965] (5/19/66) Good Lovin’ [The Olympics, 1965] – (5/19/66) Dancing In The Street [Martha & The Vandellas] 7/3/66 He was a Friend Of Mine [Traditional] 7/3/66 Big Boss Man [Jimmy Reed] – 7/3/66 Don’t Mess Up A Good Thing (Oliver Sain) 7/3/66 Gangster Of Love (Johnny Guitar Watson)- 7/3/66 In the Pines (Traditional) – 7/16/66 Nobodys Fault But Mine (Blind Willie Johnson, 1926) Don’t Ease Me In (Traditional) 7/16/66 Pain In my Heart (Naomi Neville) 7/16/66 Good Morning Little School Girl (Sonny Boy Williamson/Junior Wells, 1965) 07/16/66 The Lindy (Overseas Stomp) (Memphis Jug Band) – 9/16/66 Hi Heel Sneakers (Tommy Tucker, 1964) 11/19/66 The Same Thing (Willie Dixon)11/19/66 Smokestack Lightning (Howlin’ Wolf, 1956) 11/19/66 Me And My uncle (John Phillips] 11/29/66 Big Boy Pete ( The Olympics, 1960) 11/29/66 Early Morning Rain (Gordon Lightfoot) 11/29/66 Something On Your Mind (Big Jay McNeely) (11/29/66) I Just Want To Make Love To You (Willie Dixon) 11/29/66 You Don’t Love Me (Willie Cobb) 12/1/66 Deep Elem Blues (Traditional) 12/1/66 1967: Morning Dew (Bonnie Dobson, 1962) 3/18/67 Turn On Your Love Light (Bobby Bland, 1961) 7/23/67 1968: And We Bid you Goodnight (Traditional) 3/16/68 Death Letter Blues (Sam House, 1965) 10/30/68 1969: Hey Jude (Beatles, 1968) 2/11/69 Not Fade Away (Buddy Holly, 1957) 2/19/69 Hard To Handle (Otis Redding, 1968) 3/15/69 Green Grass of Home (Porter Wagoner, 1965) 5/31/69 Old Old House (George Jones) 6/20-21/69 Ol Slewfoot (Bill Monroe) 6/21/69 Mama Tried (Merle Haggard, 1968) 6/21/69 Let Me In (Gene Crysler) 7/4/69 Seasons of My Heart (George Jones, 1955) 8/2/69 New Orleans (Guido, Royster) >Searchin (Leiber, Stoller) 8/29/69 It’s All Over Now (Rolling Stones) 9/6/69 Monkey & The Engineer (Jesse Fuller) 12/19/69 Little Sadie (Traditional) 12/19/69 Gathering Flowers for the Master’s Banquet (Marvin Baumgardner) 12/26/69 The Race Is On (Don Rollins) – 12/31/69 1970: Long Black Limousine (Vern Stovall/Bobby George) 1/31/70 Saw Mill (Mel Tillis) – 1/31/70 Wake Up Little Susie (Everly Brothers) – 2/13/70 Katie Mae (Lightnin Hopkins) 2/13/70 Dark Hollow (Traditional) 2/14/70 Ive Been All Around This World (Trad.) (2/14/70) Walking the Dog (Rufus Thomas) – 3/21/70a (early show) It’s a Man’s Man’s World (James Brown) 4/9/70 Ain’t It Crazy (The Rub) (Lightnin Hopkins) 4/1870 Roberta (Trad.) – 4/18/70 Shotgun (Hopkins) – 4/18/70 Flood (Hooker) – 4/18/70 Black Snake (Hooker) – (4/18/70) Frozen Logger (Stevens/Hagland) 5/7/70 She’s Mine (Hopkins) (5/15/70) Ballad of Casey Jones (Traditional) – 5/15/70 Louie Louie (Richard Berry) 6/7/1970 Big Railroad Blues (Noah Lewis) 6/24/70 El Paso (Marty Robbins) 7/11/70 So Sad To Watch Good Love Go Bad (Everly Brothers) – 7/11/70 Rosa Lee McFall (Bill Monroe) – 7/11/70 How Long Blues (Carr/Stokes) – 7/12/70 Tell It To Me (Cocaine Blues) (Traditional) – 7/12/70 Goin Down The Road Feelin’ Bad (Trad.) 10/10/70 (instr.), “Not Fade Away” = actually the First GDTRFB with lyrics -(10/11/70) Mystery Train (Phillips/Parker) 11/8/70 My Babe (Willie Dixon) 11/8/70 Around and Around (Chuck Berry) 11/8/70 Me and Bobby McGee (Kristofferson) 11/29/70 1971: Johnny B Goode (Chuck Berry) 1/22/71 Sing Me Back Home (Merle Haggard) 4/5/71 Oh Boy (West,Tilghman,Holly) 4/6/71 I Second That Emotion (Smokey Robinson) 4/8/71 Promised Land (Chuck Berry) 5/29/71 Hideaway (Freddie King) 11/7/71 You Win Again (Hank Williams) 11/14/71 Run Rudolph Run (Chuck Berry) – 12/4/71 I Washed My Hands in Muddy Water (Joe Babcock) 12/5/71 Mannish Boy (Im a Man) (Bo Diddley)- 12/15/1971 Big River (Cash) 12/31/71 1972: How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You) (Holland) 3/25/72 Are You Lonely for Me Baby? (Bert Berns) 3/25/72 Sidewalks of New York (Blake/ Lawlor) 3/28/72 Rockin Pneumonia (Vincent/Smith) 5/23/72 Tomorrow Is Forever (Dolly Parton) 9/24/72 1973: You Ain’t Woman Enough (Loretta Lynn) 2/15/73 Peggy-O (Traditional) 12/10/73 Wang Dang Doodle (Willie Dixon) 10/23/73 (Soundcheck) Blue Suede Shoes (soundcheck) (Carl Perkins) 12/1/73 Working Man Blues (soundcheck) (Merle Haggard) – 12/1/1973 Rip It Up (Soundcheck) (Little Richard) 12/12/73 Thirty Days (soundcheck) (Chuck Berry) – 12/12/73 1974: Let It Rock (Chuck Berry) 6/23/74 1976: Samson and Delilah (traditional) 6/3/76 1977: Got My Mojo Working (Muddy Waters) 4/22/77 Jack A Roe (trad.) 5/13/77 Iko Iko (Trad.) 5/15/77 1978: Werewolves of London (Warren Zevon) 4/19/78 Ollin Agareed – (9/13/78) Tom Dooley (Traditional) – 11/17/78 KC Moan (Traditional) 11/17/1978 1979: Gloria Jam (Them) 11/9/79 C.C Rider (Traditional) 12/1/79 1980: Little Red Rooster (Willie Dixon)- 8/19/80 Oh Babe it Ain’t No Lie (Elizabeth Cotton) 9/25/80 (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction (The Rolling Stones) – 11/26/80 Young Blood (Soundcheck 12/30/80) 1981: Man Smart, Woman Smarter (Norman Span) – 7/2/81 Spoonful (Willie Dixon) – 10/15/81 Baby Hully Gully (Smith, Goldsmith) – 10/16/81 Mack The Knife (Brecht, Blitzestien, Weill) – 11/30/81 1982: Dear Prudence/”Strawberry Fields” (Jam) (Beatles) – 3/13/82 1983: Revolution (Beatles) 10/12/83 Goodnight Irene (Trad.) 12/31/83 1984: Dear Mr Fantasy (Winwood,Capaldi,Wood) – 6/14/84 Why Don’t We Do It In The Road?(Beatles) – 6/27/84 Gimme Some Lovin (Winwood/Davis) 11/2/84 Down In The Bottom (Willie Dixon) – 11/3/84 Day Tripper (Beatles) – 12/28/84 1985: Just Like Tom Thumbs Blues (Bob Dylan) 3/27/85 She Belongs To Me (Bob Dylan) 4/4/85 Keep On Growing – 6/14/85 Kansas City (Leiber, Stoller) 10/28/85 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn The Eskimo) (Bob Dylan) – 12/30/85 1986: Visions of Johanna (Bob Dylan) – 3/19/ 1986 I’m a Road Runner – 3/21/86 Desolation Row (Bob Dylan) 3/25/86 1987: Get Back (The Beatles) 1/28/87 When I Paint My Masterpiece (Bob Dylan) 6/13/87 All Along The Watchtower (Bob Dylan) 6/20/87 Hey Pocky Way (traditional) – 9/9/87 Devil with Blue Dress (Long, Stevenson)- 9/9/87 Good Golly Miss Molly (Blackwell, Marascalo) – 9/9/87 Fever (Davenport,Cooley) – 9/13/87 1988: Stir it Up (Bob Marley) 3/26/1988 So What (Miles Davis) 3/27/88 Let The Good Times Roll (Sam Cooke) – 4/30/88 Blackbird (Beatles) 6/23/88 1989: California Earthquake (Rodney Crowell) – (10/20/89) 1990: The Last Time (The Rolling Stones) – 2/25/90 The Weight (The Band) 3/28/90 Stander on the Mountain (Bruce Hornsby) 10/28/90 1991: That Would Be Something (McCartney) – 9/25/91 1992: Baba O’Riley (The Who) 5/19/92 Tomorrow Never Knows (Beatles) 5/19/92 Rain (Beatles) 12/2/92 1993: Broken Arrow (Robbie Robertson) 2/23/93 I Fought The Law (Sonny Curtis) – 3/14/93 Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds (Beatles) 3/17/93 Aint That Peculiar (Soundcheck) (Robinson et al.) 6/25/93 1994: I Want To Tell You (Beatles) 7/1/94 Matilda Matilda (Norman Span) 7/20/94 A Day in the Life (Beatles) 7/26/94 1995: It’s All Too Much (Beatles) 3/18/95 When a Man Loves a Woman (Lewis, Wright) 3/28/1995 Neighbour Neighbour (Valier.Meaux) 3/28/1995 Soundcheck Paperback Writer (Soundcheck) (Beatles) – 3/28/1995 Take Me To The River (Al Green, Mabon Hodges) 4/1/95 Tough Mama (Bob Dylan) (5/24/95) Rollin and Tumblin (Muddy Waters) 6/15/95 Hoochie Coochie Man (Willie Dixon) (Soundcheck) – 7/2/95 Jesu Joy (7/2/95)
Reported natural disasters are up dramatically since 1950, with more lives damaged by homelessness and injury, even as modern medical care and improved disaster response have reduced the number of lives lost, an authority on global disaster data said Monday.The result of these trends is that the burden of care on survivors is increasing, according to Debarati Guha Sapir, director of the Brussels-based Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disaster (CRED), which collects and maintains two major global disaster databases.Sapir, who spoke at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), said that some of the dramatic increase in natural disasters observed since 1950 — up to 400 in 2011 from 50 in 1950 — is due to improved communications and reporting in remote places that used to be invisible to the international community. Still, Sapir said, a comparison of geophysical disasters such as earthquakes — which also should have been underreported — with climate-related disasters such as hurricanes and floods show a much greater increase in the climate-related kinds.Sapir delivered a lunchtime talk, “The Curious Case of Disaster Epidemiology,” in HSPH’s Francois-Xavier Bagnoud building, in a session sponsored by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI), an interfaculty program that seeks to use science to improve humanitarian disaster response. Paul Gregg Greenough, HHI’s research director and assistant professor of global health and population at HSPH and of medicine at Harvard Medical School, said CRED’s databases are “invaluable resources” for organizations such as HHI that study the public health aspects of disasters. HHI researchers have used data supplied by CRED in their studies and have contributed data from HHI research to CRED’s databases, Greenough said.The most common climate-related disaster is flooding, Sapir said, making up half of such cases. Asia is the most flood-prone region, but also experiences more of other types of such disasters. The health effects of floods are often underreported, Sapir said, because epidemics related to floods often lag the disasters by a month or more.Disaster epidemiology is a relatively new discipline, said Sapir, who traced the field’s roots to a series of natural and man-made disasters in the 1970s, starting with the war in Nigeria over the Biafra region’s efforts to secede.Though those early efforts raised awareness, it was a Sahel famine in the early 1980s that brought action, leading to the expansion of international relief organizations. Today, Sapir said, the international community has developed a famine early warning system that showed its effectiveness by predicting the recent instance in the Horn of Africa. That warning, however, also highlighted the work that remains to be done, because steps weren’t taken to head off the famine.“This happened because this time we haven’t gone the extra mile,” Sapir said. “We have not been able to link up the alert to the response.”An international fund does exist that could be used for such emergencies, under the auspices of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The missing piece, however, is a mechanism to release funds automatically when the famine early warning system says a disaster is imminent, Sapir said.“That trigger doesn’t exist,” Sapir said.Sapir cautioned students in the audience against using financial losses as a measure of a disaster’s impact. The reason, she said, is that those figures are often provided by insurance companies. And in poor, developing nations, very little is insured. While the Japan quake and tsunami in 2011 amounted to $210 billion in losses, 57.4 percent of the $366 billion in disaster losses globally that year, the Haiti 2010 earthquake would have registered low on that scale, because so many of the 225,000 dead had little of value.“Using analysis of economic losses is fraught with misunderstanding,” Sapir said.The debate over which statistics to use and how they’re calculated is a robust one, Sapir said, inviting students in the audience to join the fray once they’ve graduated.“The controversy is rich and active. All of you can be part of this controversy once you finish your studies,” Sapir said.