The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) global radio telescope project – which includes a first phase site in South Africa – published a book this month on the project’s progress. It features photos and analysis from some of the best science, astronomy and engineering minds in the world. The first phase of the SKA radio telescope project, called MeerKAT, is being installed in the Karoo desert. It will eventually form part of the first phase of the SKA programme. By September 2015, seven of the 64 dish installations have been constructed and tested. The global SKA project is scheduled to be completed by 2024. (Image: SKA MeerKAT)• SKA: answering the big questions about the universe • SKA will boost Africa’s presence in science fields• SKA will drive growth of Africa’s human capital• Africa to co-host Square Kilometre Array A new, updated two-volume book on the history and the science of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) international radio telescope project was published in September 2015. South Africa is very much at the forefront of the SKA project; the MeerKAT telescope system, currently being constructed and tested in the Karoo desert, forms part of the first phase of the global SKA venture.The chapters in this new book reflect both the science undertaken with the SKA, including ground-breaking research in cosmology and the study of dark matter and dark energy, as well as the global efforts by engineers and the science community to co-ordinate and construct such a massive international project.Once completed, hopefully by 2024, SKA will interconnect a series of radio telescope systems in 10 countries in order to search space for a better understanding about the universe and solve some of the secrets of fundamental physics. What is SKA? SKA is one of the largest global science projects ever undertaken, featuring a multinational representation of scientists, engineers and astronomers. The positioning of the African continent and the accommodating climate make South Africa a vital component of the project’s success. (Image: SKA/MeerKAT)The Square Kilometre Array project is an international effort to build the world’s largest radio telescope, led by SKA Organisation. The SKA will conduct transformational science to improve understanding of the universe and the laws of fundamental physics, monitoring the sky in unprecedented detail and mapping it hundreds of times faster than any current facility.The SKA is not a single telescope; rather, it is a collection of telescopes or instruments, called an array, to be spread over long distances. The SKA is to be constructed in two phases: Phase 1 (called SKA1) in South Africa and Australia; Phase 2 (called SKA2) expanding into other African countries, with the component in Australia also being expanded.With support from Australia, Canada, China, India, Italy, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, The Netherlands and the UK, the SKA project has on board some of the world’s best scientists, engineers and policy makers. And over 100 companies and research institutions across 20 countries are involved in the design and development of the telescope.SKA: the book With 135 chapters, 1 200 contributors and 2 000 pages on the science behind the SKA project, its official companion book is titled Advancing Astrophysics with the Square Kilometre Array. It is available to download free from the SKA website. (Image: SKA/MeerKAT) The book, titled Advancing Astrophysics with the Square Kilometre Array, consists of 2 000 pages in more than a hundred chapters, with contributions from more than 1 000 experts, scientists and members of the SKA organisation on astrophysics, cosmology and the search for answers in the universe, all within the context of radio telescope technology. Accompanied by a variety of photos and infographics covering the science and construction of the SKA system, the book is the authoritative guide on how this global initiative will work. It tracks the progress made on the project since 2004, highlighting the work being done in Australia, South Africa and other African countries including Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia and Zambia.“The publication of the new SKA science book is the culmination of more than a year’s work by the SKA science team and the scientific community at large,” says Dr Robert Braun, the SKA science director in a release publicising the book. “It’s also a great testimony to the growing interest and scope of the SKA.”According to the publishers, the book deals with SKA’s search for life in the universe through the study of molecules in forming planetary systems and the search for potential radio signals from intelligent civilisations. The search for answers from “the cosmic dawn” – the first billion years of the universe’s existence – will not only inform the past, but also give the world a look at what might happen to the cosmos in the future.SKA and the NDP Construction of the South African SKA radio telescope project infrastructure, called MeerKAT, in the Karoo desert in March 2014. By September 2015, seven of the 64 dish installations have been constructed and tested. The global SKA project is set to be completed by 2024. (Image: SKA MeerKAT) The SKA project in South Africa fulfils the requisites for some vital pillars of the National Development Plan Vision 2030, including skills development through increased job opportunities and training during the construction of the MeerKAT facility, using local labour and top South Africa engineering and science talent.The project also addresses other NDP pillars such as creating efficient, world-class infrastructure networks and developing rural communities. Construction of the South African SKA radio telescope project infrastructure, called MeerKAT, in the Karoo desert during March 2014. By September 2015, seven of the 64 dish installations have been constructed and tested. The global SKA project is set to be completed by 2024. (Image: SKA MeerKAT) A MeerKAT in the Karoo The first phase of the SKA radio telescope project, called MeerKAT, is currently being installed in the Karoo desert and will eventually form part of the first phase of the SKA programme. By September 2015, seven of the 64 dish installations have been constructed and tested. The global SKA project is set to be completed by 2024. Infographic: SKA MeerKAT Further reading: Everything you need to know about the SKA project, including MeerKAT and the new book
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Northeast Ohio is getting a new homegrown, culinary offering courtesy of some down-to-earth sweat and determination.“I hesitate to say the first, but definitely one of the first farm cideries in Ohio since Prohibition,” said Matt Vodraska, of Bent Ladder, LLC. Bent Ladder is a new offshoot of Rittman Orchards & Farm Market, a family business that has grown in recent years to become a household name for homegrown fruits and vegetables locally, offering a plethora of foods from their bucolic slopes in Wayne County.Vodraska is the next generation of his family to be involved in the business. He grew up with fruit, moving from their Ohio fruit farm at the age of 12 to Washington state, later to Tennessee, all before the family came back to the Buckeye state 12 years ago to take over a rundown patch of land where they’ve since seen their business thrive. Matt certainly didn’t always picture himself coming back to the fruit life. He went to school to be a photojournalist, but life called him back to the orchard and 10 years ago, the idea of making wine and hard cider from their fruit became viable. It’s been a roller coaster ever since and Bent Ladder wine and hard cider mill is now opening its doors.“Ohio is actually really interesting when you talk about wine and hard cider,” Vodraska said. “There’s been a great proliferation of wineries in the past 20 years here. Before the 1920s, Ohio grew more grapes than anybody.”History, as we’ll learn, has played a great role in shaping not only the current state of the business, but the purpose of apples in particular down the years.With regard to Cider, “Ohio is really lagging behind the other fruit growing regions in the rest of the country. Washington, Oregon, New York — they all have burgeoning cider industries. I mean people are even doing great things in that state up north. Ohio is the only major fruit growing part of the country that doesn’t have a cider presence…yet.” said Matt, with an emphasis on the yet. “Hopefully the example we’re trying to set will encourage development of the cider industry here in the years to come.”Rittman Orchards sits on over 120 acres of hilly Wayne County land where the family and their employees grow fruits of all kinds. And grow they do — the farm boasts over 80 different varieties of apples. Those range anywhere from heirloom varieties to the modern day kind, though Matt said if he were to choose the most popular variety among customers, Honeycrisp would take the prize.“There are over 40 acres of apples that I have at my disposal for cider making – with both traditional and experimental hard cider varieties,” he said.With over 80 varieties at the operation’s disposal, many may wonder if certain apples are better for specific uses. The answer is yes, but the reasoning reaches back to the history of the everyday kitchen.“Until the late 1930s, with the proliferation of household refrigerators, there really wasn’t the concept of fresh fruit all year. People were eating fresh apples maybe a two or three months of the year. The rest of the time, apples were being consumed in the form of a processed food like applesauce. Canned fruits were prominent since the late 1800s, but before that it was strictly hard cider. So any of these varieties developed before the turn of the last century were good cider apples,” Vodraska said.“All of our heirloom varieties, though they’re good for eating, their true purpose was really as cider apples.”That fact is evident in his product. “I’d drink this all day,” he said as he sipped a hard cider from a blend of early American varieties. “This is what our forefathers tasted. This is the way cider is supposed to taste.”The production of such notable wines and hard ciders is hard work, but worth it he claims. “You can’t cut corners when you create a great product. We don’t believe you can growing exceptional fruit and we surely don’t believe you can crafting a product of the land.It takes quite a few apples to a make that glass of hard cider.“If you’re lucky, about 150 gallons per ton of apples. That works out to about 10 apples in a glass of cider,” Matt said.The process of turning the fruit into hard cider starts with cooling it down to 32 degrees, reducing disease risk and other unfavorables.“A lot of cider gets bad rap as being something that is half rotten and such — we don’t use anything like that. We use good, sound apples. Could be dinged up, but aren’t rotting.”Apples are then hosed down to remove debris from the field before being beaten by machine where the cell walls break down and the apple begins to release juice.The pumice is taken to the press where an inflatable bladder gently presses the juice. The machine that does it at Bent Ladder is of a European type, an example of Vodraska’s dedication to keeping the taste genuine through each step of the process. He would argue the popular American “rack and frame” press uses much higher pressure, and can result in some “off flavors” down the road.“The less you abuse the fruit, the better your end product will be,” he said. “So we try to keep everything as gentle as possible in the course of the operation.”The juice is extracted from the press and pumped into the tank room — an impressive sight as large, stainless steel food-grade tanks line the space.The cider is left to settle in a holding tank for 24-48 hours due to some particulate being left over from the extraction process. Enzymes help aid in the settling. After 48 hours, the cider makers transfer the liquid to another tank where it’s populated with a chosen yeast strain, all depending on the flavor profiles desired.“We add enzymes when we grind the apples to help the juice start to flow more freely. They continue to work in the juice by breaking down the natural pectins and allowing solids to precipitate out. We use the term “inoculate” when referring to the addition of a yeast strain to the must,” Vodraska said. ‘Must’ refers to a juice that is destined for cider/wine.“That’s where you really start making your mark as a cider maker,” Vodraska said. “But really, you can’t make great wine or great cider in the cellar. Anybody that tells you otherwise is lying. Great wine and great cider is grown. So I just try not to screw up my brother’s work.”And it truly is a family business. Though Matt has taken on the responsibilities of making wine and bringing artisan hard ciders back to Ohio, his family has been busy in the traditional operation. He and is older brother Chris, who is heavily involved on the growing side, join their parents Dale and Peg — all of which stay busy this time of year.On the day this reporter visited with Matt, it happened to coincide with his birthday, but there were no balloons to be found. “We don’t celebrate birthdays during harvest,” he said with a smile.The family has put notable amount of effort into making their Ohio home productive again, ripping out the old orchards and replanting the property since 2005. More recently, work towards winery supply was taken up.“Its an ongoing process. We put the large apple and peach orchards in during the 2005 planting season but we have added multiple orchards in the years since. We are now more in upkeep mode as we have had to start replanting again,” he said. “We started planting grapes 7 or 8 years ago. You don’t see any production at all for the first three years. Year four you might get a very light crop, but it’s not until five or six years down the road that you start getting any sizeable production, in terms of both quantity and quality. It’s similar to apples. You aren’t really going to get much crop for three or four years out of an apple tree either, even the dwarf varieties we grow.“We’ve been selling our grapes to other wineries in the area for the past few years. They’ve won some awards using our fruit, so we know we are on the right track.”Bent Ladder has also allowed the family to diversify their business, a smart option according to Matt.“This place serves as sort of a backup. Bad things happen in Ohio in terms of weather. We’ve had hail damage a couple years — windstorms, torrential rains — just awful things. So we can take damaged fruit that would otherwise be unmarketable for fresh market and process it into cider. It’s definitely an insurance policy. ”That doesn’t mean cider fruit is below par by any means, Vodraska said. The cider maker takes too much pride in his work to put out anything below excellent. And with things getting going, he hopes to take his beverages on the road this spring in terms of competition.“I will be set to offer by mid-October about eight or nine different ciders. By the end of winter, I’ll have released a half dozen kinds of wine as well. My full lineup will probably be around 12-15 ciders and about 10 different kinds of wine.”The business has also made their way onto the city scene in the form of locally focused restaurants.“We’ve developed a lot of really good relationships with the locally oriented chefs in Cleveland who’ve all expressed an interest and desire to serve a locally produced cider.”Visitors, of course, are welcome to the cideries’ impressive tasting room, which is nothing to scoff at. The tasting area revolves around a large window, overlooking the picturesque property of Rittman Orchards. The tables were built by local Amish and some walls inside are made with repurposed barn siding formerly in use around the area. The tasting room is not to be mistaken with a full-fledged restaurant. It revolves around the crafted beverages with cheese boards and fresh breads, in the traditional vein.“The next few weekends, we’ll be doing limited hours from 12-9 on Fridays and Saturdays. We’ll start into more regular hours three or four days a week sometime in October.”Matt hopes to introduce a new cider variety every week or two through the fall, in order to keep the offerings fresh and to give visitors another reason to return, though he mentioned the size of the operation isn’t something he sees changing down the road. The family is happy keeping “artisan quality” at the forefront of their business description.
Return to article. Long DescriptionOn May 22, 2019, Dr. Shelly Martin provided her expertise on working with children and families in recognizing normal childhood sexualized behaviors, as well as what to do when that behavior might become concerning or problematic. Dr. Martin is a child abuse pediatrician and a Colonel in the US Air Force, and in that capacity, she provides consultation for all forms of child abuse and neglect to all branches of the Armed Forces. Throughout this webinar, she shared her insights on important information for families and professionals to know when it comes to strategies to keep kids safe and thriving during childhood and youth.Here are some of the highlights of this webinar that we found to be very beneficial in addressing the impact of problematic sexualized behaviors for children and youth:The webinar began with looking at normal sexualized behaviors that children may express which are typically driven by curiosity and exploration. These behaviors are intermittent and occur between children of the same age groups and developmental stages.Concerning sexualized behaviors are expressed as more adult-like than childlike; often consistent and intrusive/abusive for other children. These behaviors often result in emotional distress or physical pain and can take place between children of various ages. There are distinct developmental differences in age gaps of 4 years or more and this age gap is often a major area of concern if these behaviors are occurring between children of differing ages.Sexual verbal expression from younger school age children is often an imitation of adults. The use of problematic language and behaviors are often picked up from hearing adults say phrases, sounds, or seeing behaviors that are more adult-like.Various factors can influence the rise of problematic sexualized behaviors including child abuse, maltreatment, family violence, lack of parental supervision, or learned behaviors from other children in the family or neighborhood.Children who express problematic sexualized behaviors oftentimes have co-morbid diagnoses such as ADHD, Conduct Disorder, and Oppositional Defiant Disorder.Knowing how to properly assess for sexual behavior problems is crucial and can open the door for implementing resources and help for parents and family members.The impact of sexual abuse can lead to many issues for children including depression and PTSD. That’s why it’s important for parents or other adults to have open and trusting communication with children, especially when they disclose instances of sexual abuse.Did you happen to miss the live webinar? No worries! We have the recording of the Sexualized Behaviors in Children & Youth webinar on the event page here. Free CEUs for this event are still available for licensed social workers, professional counselors, case managers, and family therapists until May 22, 2021.And be sure to stay up to date on all of our programming in the Sexual Behavior in Children and Youth Series! You can sign up for our mailing list to be sure you don’t miss anything on the series homepage. This series will consist of several webinars and podcast episodes so be sure to stay tuned!*Revised on 9/10/19 to reflect series title change Sexualized Behaviors in Children and youth Go Beyond the Webinar blog post
View comments Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles03:46Lacson: PH lost about P161.5B tax revenue from big trading partners in 201700:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport LATEST STORIES Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Adamson holds off Letran for 3rd win in Filoil Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—Sean Anthony came through in the clutch as NorthPort escaped an import-less NLEX side, 83-79, in the 2019 PBA Commissioner’s Cup Saturday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Anthony scored his team’s last four points, including a go-ahead putback, 81-79, with 15.8 seconds left. The do-it all forward also hit two free throws to seal the game with 1.6 ticks to go.ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess “NLEX is a tough team and at the same time, coach Yeng (Guiao) is a tough coach. They’re just really hard to beat,” said NorthPort head coach Pido Jarencio, whose squad improved to 2-0.“They didn’t have an import but it still went down the wire. But a win is a win and we’ll take it,” he added.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsAnthony finished with 17 points and six rebounds off the bench while Prince Ibeh posted 15 points, 19 rebounds and six blocks.The Road Warriors went all-Filipino after their replacement import Tony Mitchell failed to secure his papers. DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew MOST READ Unfazed by the circumstance, NLEX’s locals came ready to play with Kenneth Ighalo leading the way.Ighalo fired 18 points, including 13 in the first half where the Road Warriors even took a nine-point lead.The Batang Pier were also undermanned with star point guard Stanley Pringle still dealing with some pain in his right foot following surgery.It was an ugly win for NorthPort, which shot itself in the foot with 19 missed free throws, but a victory nonetheless.“Good start for the team this second conference.”ADVERTISEMENT