Forum on Information and Democracy 250 recommendations on how to stop “infodemics” March 6, 2013 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Death threats and attacks on freedom of expression intensify in Tunisia November 11, 2020 Find out more News Signed, (Tunis, 4 March 2013) – The following is an open letter to the authorities in Tunisia, initiated by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA), Norwegian PEN, PEN International WiPC and Index on Censorship and signed by 20 other IFEX members:Death threats and attacks on freedom of expression intensify in TunisiaDeath threats, physical attacks, an emergence of hate speech and accusations of official censorship of critical media have escalated the perilous situation for freedom of expression in Tunisia. As the political crisis deepens following the assassination of outspoken left-wing political leader Chokri Belaïd, and the resignation on Tuesday 26 February of Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali, attacks against journalists and writers have intensified.The undersigned members of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) call on the Tunisian government to condemn such attacks, guarantee the safety of journalists, writers and media workers reporting on the on-going crisis, and implement legislation available to them that better protects freedom of expression.Death ThreatsTunisia has witnessed an unprecedented campaign of death threats against journalists, writers and media workers critical of the ruling Ennahda Party and its handling of recent events.Most disturbingly, a ‘death list’ of names of prominent writers and journalists who supposedly “antagonise Islam” is said to be in circulation, with writer and journalist Naziha Rjiba one of those to have received anonymous telephone death threats. It is widely believed the League for Protecting the Revolution – said to have close ties with the Ennahda Party – issued the list. Rjiba received a call shortly after the assassination of Belaïd in which she was warned to be silent or else “she would be next.”On 11 February, journalists Nawfel El Ouertani and Haitham El Mekki from Radio Mosaique FM had their lives threatened for their coverage of Belaïd’s funeral. The station had already been the recipient of threats and had applied to the Ministry of Interior for protection.Veteran journalist and former head of the National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists (SNJT), Neji Bghouri, has received a number of death threats via email and mobile phone. The latest incident occurred on 14 February when a member of the League for Protecting the Revolution reportedly shouted, “soon, you’ll be killed.” Najiba Hamrouni, current head of the SNJT, has also reported receiving death threats from unknown callers who accuse her of defaming the Ennahda Party and “insulting Islam”.The undersigned IFEX members are seriously alarmed by these developments and call on the Tunisian authorities to urgently provide those targeted with a safe environment in which to carry out their work. They also call on authorities to fully investigate those responsible for issuing such threats so as to deter a climate of impunity in the country.Attacks on Freedom of Expression EscalateThe undersigned IFEX members consider the 22 January decision by deputy leader of the National Constitutional Assembly, Mehrezia Labidi, to ban journalists from working inside the Assembly as a deliberate attempt to deny access to information, and call on the authorities to recall the decision.Harassment and physical attacks are also on the rise. On 24 January police interrogated Al-Shorouk journalist, Mouna Bouazizi, following a complaint by a local official over her coverage of events in the city of Qarjani. Bouazizi has been repeatedly harassed and prevented from carrying out her work.Reports suggest that security forces have deliberately targeted journalists covering the fallout from the assassination of Belaïd. On 7 February, police in Gafsa City attacked Tunisia Africa News Agency journalist, Farida al-Mabrouki as she covered clashes with protesters. In a similar incident, Shraz Al-Khunaisi, a journalist with Internet TV channel Tunis Al-Ikhbariya, was also attacked and dragged to the ground by police.Another journalist for the same channel, Ahmad Akkouni, was hit by a rubber bullet while covering clashes between police and protesters in Tunis. The following day, police officers physically attacked Tarek Al-Ghorani, a photographer and staff member with the Tunis Centre for the Freedom of Press, as he took pictures at Belaïd’s funeral.In addition, rapper and playwright Mohamed Amine Al-Hamzaoui required hospital treatment following a severe assault by up to five police officers that took place as he participated in the funeral. Al-Hamzaoui is known for songs criticising police attacks on protesters.Hate speechEvidence is emerging that the media are being subjected to a deliberate campaign of hate speech during prayer ceremonies and in political discourses. Prayer leaders in several mosques across Tunisia have blamed journalists and writers for either “insulting Islam” or “hindering the work of the Ennahda Party”, while journalists criticised by politicians have reportedly been the victims of reprisal attacks.During the 15 February rally held in support of the Ennahda Party in Tunis, widespread anti-media rhetoric was heard from speakers and marchers alike. Shouts of “shameless media” accompanied physical attacks against journalists covering the event. A prevalence of graffiti slogans stating “Journalists are liars” and “Journalists are hypocrites” can also be seen on the streets of the capital.Broadcast woesThe independence of the broadcast media has been called further into question following the unplanned proliferation of new radio stations and TV channels across the country, many of which are owned by pro-government, Ennahda Party supporters.The government has also been accused of silencing a number of emerging independent radio stations by withdrawing frequencies under the pretext of unpaid license fees. On 12 February, Oxygen Radio Bizerte was shut down for 24 hours, a move seen by Tunisian human rights groups as political interference aimed at silencing critical voices.The undersigned IFEX members repeat calls for the Tunisian authorities to appoint an independent body that has the power to organise the audio-visual licensing system fairly and without political bias.Legislative stallingDespite public statements on 10 December 2012 announcing the adoption of long-overdue legislation, and with it the establishment of the Independent High Authority for Audiovisual Communications (HAICA), the undersigned IFEX members note little change regarding the implementation of the government’s media laws, particularly in respect to decrees 115 and 116 concerning media freedom.As a crucial step in guaranteeing the safety of journalists, the undersigned IFEX members again call on the Tunisian authorities to implement these decrees as a matter of urgency. For the independence of the media to be assured, wider consultation should also be sought from civil society and journalist organisations to supply HAICA with a broader more legitimate mandate for change. December 26, 2019 Find out more News World Association of Newspapers and News PublishersIndex on CensorshipNorwegian PENWriters in Prison Committee, PEN InternationalBahrain Center for Human RightsCanadian Journalists for Free ExpressionCartoonists Rights Network InternationalCenter for Media Studies & Peace BuildingCommittee to Protect JournalistsFreedom ForumFundamedios – Andean Foundation for Media Observation & StudyI’lam Media Center for Arab Palestinians in Israel – INTERIM MEMBERIndependent Journalism CenterInstitute for the Studies on Free Flow of InformationInternational Press InstituteInternational Publishers AssociationMaharat FoundationMedia Rights AgendaNational Union of Somali JournalistsPacific Islands News AssociationPalestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms – MADAPublic Association “Journalists”Reporters Without BordersWorld Press Freedom Committee to go further Organisation Help by sharing this information Tunisia : RSF asks Tunisian president’s office to respect journalists November 12, 2019 Find out more Follow the news on Tunisia TunisiaMiddle East – North Africa Receive email alerts TunisiaMiddle East – North Africa RSF_en Eleven organizations from civil society create the Forum on Information & Democracy, a structural response to information disorder News News
Ridwan asked Puskesmas in affected regions to submit an application for the equipment through West Java’s Pikobar, a mobile app for android smartphones that was designed to publish information and updates on COVID-19. The health agency sends the masks via postal service company PT Pos Indonesia.Ridwan said Puskesmas were chosen as distribution points because they were easily accessible and allowed medical personnel to verify whether a person was really sick.Besides distributing masks, the West Java administration also distributed on Monday personal protective equipment from the Jasa Sarana Group to eight hospitals including Dustira Hospital in Cimahi and Hasan Sadikin Hospital, HA Rotinsulu Pulmonary Hospital, Sartika Asih Hospital and M. Salamun Hospital in Bandung.The protective equipment includes 900 disposable coveralls, 396 nurse caps, 390 boxes of latex gloves, 397 pairs of shoe covers, 300 dozen pairs of fabric gloves, 390 safety glasses and 108 medical coolers. The administration will later distribute protective equipment to 26 other hospitals designated to handle COVID-19 patients in West Java. HA Rotinsulu Hospital director Edi Sampurno expressed gratitude to the administration for having taken the initiative to give out equipment to medical personnel.“Such aid is very important and exactly what we need. It lifts our spirits in handling COVID-19 cases,” he said.As of Monday, West Java had reported 59 confirmed COVID-19 cases with five deaths and nine recoveries, according to Health Ministry data. (aly)Topics : The West Java Health Agency started distributing a million masks for the province’s residents and more than 1,000 units of personal protective equipment for medical personnel on Monday.The masks are being distributed through community health centers (Puskesmas) in areas that are highly affected by COVID-19 such as Bogor, Depok, Bekasi and Bandung.“We will be selective in giving out the masks as they are limited in number. First, we’re giving them out to sick people and medical personnel,” West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil said on Saturday, adding that low-income residents would also be prioritized for mask distribution.
PHILADELPHIA >> The National League West standings show that the Dodgers have a fairly small margin for error. The way they’re playing is another matter.In beating the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 on Wednesday, and losing the day before, they’ve squandered more chances to score than their pitching staff has allowed.In case the pressure wasn’t evident, the San Francisco Giants had already beaten the Atlanta Braves by the time Dodgers closer Kenley Jansen took over in the ninth inning – a score that shone brightly into the visitors’ dugout from the right-field scoreboard. By winning, the Dodgers maintained their two-game lead in the NL West. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error Maybe it was the sheer volume of mistakes against the team with the worst record in baseball — the Dodgers also committed two errors in the field – but Wednesday’s win didn’t feel much different from Tuesday’s loss.The Phillies got a big home run off a Dodgers reliever in both games. Maikel Franco’s grand slam off Joel Peralta made the difference Tuesday.On Wednesday, Jim Johnson served up a two-run shot to Francoeur in the eighth inning. The Dodgers survived because starter Brett Anderson had “a lot of life” on his fastball, according to catcher A.J. Ellis, and Jansen struck out the side in the ninth.Anderson (6-6) pitched six strong innings, allowing just four hits and one run, while walking one batter and striking out five. He touched 95 mph on the radar gun with his fastball, something he’s done in only four games this season.The Dodgers are 6-0 when Ellis catches Anderson, who hadn’t pitched since July 28.Ellis was seeing his first action since July 19. He injured his knee extending for a foul pop-up in that game and subsequently went on the disabled list.“We have pretty good chemistry,” Ellis said of he and Anderson. “We both have pretty similar idea of what he can do on the mound. He’s very realistic what kind of pitcher he is. I try to be honest and realistic when I give my assessment of how to approach the game.”Puig delivered the game’s decisive hit, a three-run home run off former Dodgers pitcher Aaron Harang (5-12) in the first inning. It was Puig’s eighth home run of the season, half of which have come in his last 13 games.The Dodgers got a necessary insurance run in the fifth inning. Jimmy Rollins walked, went to third base on a single by Howie Kendrick, and scored on a groundout by Adrian Gonzalez. Under the circumstances, it was more than a little frustrating to see the Dodgers leave 12 runners on base for the second straight day, going 2 for 8 with runners in scoring position. In one instance, they ran out of a run when Yasiel Puig was caught in a rundown between third base and home plate. In another, Joc Pederson was thrown out trying to go from first to third on a single to right field with no outs in the fourth inning. Phillies right fielder Jeff Francoeur racked up his 125th career outfield assist on the play – his strong right arm hardly a surprise in his 11th major league season.“That’s something we’ve been harping on for three or four years now,” Dodgers manager Don Mattingly said of his team’s baserunning mistakes. “It doesn’t seem to get a whole lot better.”Should Pederson know better than to run on Francoeur?“He should,” Mattingly said. “It’s back to your baserunning principles. You’re not going to make your first out at third base. If you’re going to go to third there, you’re going to be sure. It’s really just back to your principles that you learn coming through the minor leagues, that you’ve learned playing baseball your whole life.”