Explore further © 2010 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — Japanese researchers, led by Masashi Kawasaki, have discovered that a previously known kind of double layered material created using electrostatic doping can be used as a superconductor. The team, working out of Tohoku University, found that by creating a double layered material using an ionic liquid atop a platform of potassium tantalum oxide (KTaO3) with deposited electrodes, a superconductive state could be made to exist by cooling the result to near absolute zero. They have published their results in Nature Nanotechnology.The authors are quick to point out that they have not created a new superconductive material, but have instead figured out a way to make a known material become superconductive by means of electrostatic doping (using electrostatic properties to control the conductivity of a material). They contrast this with more traditional methods that use chemical doping (adding chemical impurities to a substance to allow for controlling the amount of current that passes through it) which they say means a material might be found that would allow for superconductivity at room temperatures; the holy grail, or course, for many researchers for many years.The first part of the process, which had already been established, works by adding a drop of ionic liquid onto a set of electrodes that have been placed on a base of KTaO3. Doing so causes a double layer to form between the materials with a gap between them of approximately 2nm. When electricity is sent to the electrodes, the charge adheres electrostatically to either side of the gap, creating a sort of capacitor. The next part is new; this is where the team subjected the result to lowered temperatures, measuring the conductivity across the gap as they went. They found that as things got colder the conductivity changed; first, from that of an insulator, then to that of a metal, then to a semiconductor and finally, to that of a superconductor, at around 0.005K, very close to absolute zero.If the research team is successful in a finding another material that would provide the same results at room temperature they would set the stage for a whole new generation of electronic circuits that would be able to operate with very little power and produce little to no heat; options that would likely open the door to new and exciting types of computers and other types of electronic devices. More information: Discovery of superconductivity in KTaO3 by electrostatic carrier doping, Nature Nanotechnology (2011) doi:10.1038/nnano.2011.78Superconductivity at interfaces has been investigated since the first demonstration of electric-field-tunable superconductivity in ultrathin films in 19601. So far, research on interface superconductivity has focused on materials that are known to be superconductors in bulk. Here, we show that electrostatic carrier doping can induce superconductivity in KTaO3, a material in which superconductivity has not been observed before. Taking advantage of the large capacitance of the self-organized electric double layer that forms at the interface between an ionic liquid and KTaO3, we achieve a charge carrier density that is an order of magnitude larger than the density that can be achieved with conventional chemical doping. Superconductivity emerges in KTaO3 at 50 mK for two-dimensional carrier densities in the range 2.3 × 1014 to 3.7 × 1014 cm−2. The present result clearly shows that electrostatic carrier doping can lead to new states of matter at nanoscale interfaces. New property in warm superconductors discovered Image: Nature Nanotechnology (2011) doi:10.1038/nnano.2011.78. For more details, please see the original paper. Citation: New superconductive properties discovered in old sandwich material (2011, May 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-superconductive-properties-sandwich-material.html
A BBC report on the Trinity launch carries comments from AMD’s CTO, Joe Macri, who talked about Trinity’s Piledriver architecture of the CPU cores. He referred to Piledriver’s energy-saving technique, which is “resonant clock mesh technology,” where some of the energy consumed while doing calculations is recycled. Further, power savings have been achieved, says AMD, by running more processes on the GPU. The power is dynamically shifted between the CPU and GPU depending on application needs.Trinity is using AMD Radeon HD 7000 Series graphics for an increase of graphics performance up to 56 percent over the previous generation, claims AMD. Trinity offers HD, 1080p resolution gaming, delivering 30 frames per second. Similarly, the industry standard for smooth gaming is 30 frames per second. While graphics performance features are a marketable strength for gamers, AMD could also benefit from a class of business computer users whose work could use higher-end graphics capabilities, as for high-definition video discussions and trader applications, where multi-screen support and high-speed rendering are important.AnandTech, in assessing Trinity’s performance, found that, while AMD had a tough job of increasing performance without ballooning die size, the die size went up only by around 7percent and yet AMD achieved “double-digit increases” over Llano in CPU and GPU performance. “If you liked Llano, you’ll love Trinity,” said the report. According to AMD, Trinity has up to 12 hours of battery life, whereas Llano offered 10.5. Once products appear that carry Trinity processors, the real numbers will either comply or will need some adjustments. Besides HP, according to reports, Asus, Lenovo, Samsung, Toshiba, and Acer may announce mobile devices based around Trinity shortly. The battery-life calculations that were announced by AMD are based on the average power on multiple benchmarks and usage scenarios, said the company. Twelve hours of battery life are based on Windows Idle (740 min./12:20 hours) as a resting metric.Technology strengths in Trinity center on having fine-tuned power management. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2012 Phys.Org Explore further More information: Press release AMD Fusion APUs plumped, primped, stretched (Phys.org) — AMD has announced Trinity, its second-generation A-Series accelerated processing units (APUs), which are out to rival Intel’s Ivy Bridge processors. AMD’s Trinity is an update to its Llano, which attempted to challenge Intel’s Sandy Bridge. Trinity includes up to four CPU cores ad single GPU, with features especially suited for supporting laptops and ultra thin notebooks. The Trinity chips will appear on HP’s Sleekbook machines when the Sleekbook debuts next month. With Trinity, AMD is promoting its two appealing strong suits that sit well with manufacturers and consumers, in the name of graphics performance and power consumption. Citation: AMD’s Trinity is out to rattle Intel’s Ivy Bridge (2012, May 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-05-amd-trinity-rattle-intel-ivy.html
The two say that their Solar Bag can purify two and a half gallons of water in six hours, the same amount of time it typically takes other systems to treat much less water. Unfortunately, the bags aren’t yet being commercially produced; the two are currently looking for a backer. They say that the material costs for one Solar Bag amount to just $5, and possibly less if manufactured in bulk. (Phys.org) — It’s common knowledge that a lot of people in the world don’t have access to clean drinking water. In some parts of Africa, people, particularly children fall victim to bacteria in the water they drink; a lot of them die. For some, getting to a water source, even one that isn’t clean can mean walking for several miles, and then carrying it back. It’s for these people that industrial design students Ryan Lynch and Marcus Triest have designed and created what they call the Solar Bag, it’s a bag that holds water and hangs off the shoulders and lies on a person’s back and uses UV radiation from the sun to kill bacteria in the water while the person is walking or after they have arrived at their destination. To create their bag, they turned to a method of water purification known as SODIS, where PET (made of polyethylene terephthalate – the type of plastic used for soft drinks) bottles filled with water are exposed to sunlight for up to six hours, allowing UV radiation to kill most of the bacteria in it. Instead of bottles they created a two sided bag. On the outer side, the one that faces the sun when a person walks, is clear plastic that allows the UV rays to enter. On the inner side is black plastic that absorbs heat, helping the UV rays do their job. The bag is then connected to straps that allow the water to be carried like books in a common backpack. The bag can be hung on a wall as well, for continued treatment after the person carrying it arrives at their destination. It also has a tap at the bottom to let the water out and a squeeze balloon with filter for additional purification. © 2012 Phys.org Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Using UV rays to kill bacteria in water is nothing new, there are many gadgets that do so, though many require electricity to help the process and virtually all of them are centered around treating the water once it has arrived. Lynch and Triest saw that as inefficient and cruel. Why make seriously thirsty people sit around for hours waiting for their water to become safe to drink when the process could have been started right after filling the container that was brought back? More information: www.byrye.com/solar-bag.html New gadget for water purification: a ‘nano tea bag’ Citation: Industrial design students create solar bag that purifies water while person walks (2012, August 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-industrial-students-solar-bag-purifies.html
Explore further An international team of researchers has created a model to explain the force that causes gases to be blown away from a black hole and have found the force to be magnetism. In their paper published in the journal Nature Astronomy, the team describes the factors that went into their model and the degree of confidence they have in it. A black hole devouring a star. Credit: NASA Journal information: Nature Astronomy Hubble gazes into a black hole of puzzling lightness Citation: Model shows ejection of gasses around black holes due to magnetism (2017, March 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-03-ejection-gasses-black-holes-due.html © 2017 Phys.org Scientists have suspected that magnetic fields were responsible for pushing gases away from a black hole since the 1970s, but there was not a consensus—others suggested it might have been due to the heat of the gas. In this new effort, the researchers built on a prior model that had found magnetism to be the force pushing gas away from a giant black hole—this time, they based their model on small black holes and found the same result. This, the team suggests, means that it is likely the case for all black holes.The gases in question come from a companion star—the black hole strips the star’s gas and as it does so, creates a spiral with an accretion disk. As the spiral turns, an electric current is generated in the accretion disk, which forms a vortex pulling in more and more matter. But, the model showed, some of the magnetism serves to push gas from the outer edges of the spiral out into space, where it escapes and can be observed by X-ray telescopes on Earth.The model also ruled out heat from the gas as the cause for its expulsion—if it were heat, the model showed, the gas would have been blown much farther than readings have shown. The researchers suggest the magnetic fields likely arc from pole to pole, though there is still no way to prove it. They note also that the expulsion of gas from around the black hole could be powerful enough in some situations to actually push out all of the gas, leaving the galaxy it inhabits empty and unable to form new stars. Such galaxies have been observed as simple blank red areas in space. More information: Keigo Fukumura et al. Magnetic origin of black hole winds across the mass scale, Nature Astronomy (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41550-017-0062 (arxiv.org/abs/1702.02197) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Coke Studio celebrated Khan and his band of musicians set the evening on fire with sufi magic rendered in true Rajasthani folk style. The nomadic tribe of entertainers from Rajasthan Josh spun a web of magic by rendering the ageless sufi numbers Aaj Rang Hai He Maa Rang Hai Ree, Dama Dum Mast Kalandar to name a few. To the accompaniment of dhol, tabla, harmonium, manjira and castanets, ace musical maestro Khan’s rich and powerful voice soared high in the tradition of the Manganiyar musicians. The Manganiyar musicians have wandered since time immemorial across the deserts of Rajasthan, regaling royalty as well as the commoner with stories of Rajput valour and devotional Sufi songs, celebrating life and festivals. Khan and his band brought alive the flavour of Rajasthan with their earthy music and resonant voices. The desert and its hypnotic sounds held the audience in complete thrall and swept up the enraptured listeners into a magical realm. The magic of the evening was further enhanced by the grace of the gypsy dancer who kept up with the rhythmic sounds with her moves in rich and colourful gypsy attire. The audience swayed in tune to the music and the beats.
Kolkata: A section of intellectuals today castigated the ruling Trinamool Congress, the administration and the police, claiming that they have remained “silent spectators” while widespread violence is taking place in West Bengal during filing of nominations for next month’s panchayat elections in the state. Former state advocate general Bimal Chatterjee said unleashing of violence to ensure a walkover in the panchayat elections is nothing but incapacitation of democracy. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”Villagers are being subjected to violence and harassment. The leadership of the ruling party, the administration and the police are silent spectators,” social activist Miratun Nahar said at a press conference called by the intellectuals from various fields to protest incidents of attacks on opposition candidates and supporters.Stating that several of these intellectuals had stood up against violence against the people of Nandigram during the anti-land acquisition movement in 2007 against the then Left Front government in the state, theatre personality Bivas Chakraborty claimed that they are apolitical and have protested against any undemocratic activity. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHe expressed apprehension as to what will happen during the three-phase elections in the first week of May, if so much violence is perpetrated during the nomination process.”It is very painful when those whom we had supported act like those who they have replaced and resort to undemocratic means to win elections,” said singer Pratul Mukhopadhyay.He said domination is ultimately not good for those who are perpetrating such acts, and these acts are more harmful for the perpetrators than those they are trying to dominate.”Ensuring a walkover by those in power in the state by preventing the opposition from filing nomination is not good.It amounts to incapacitation of democracy,” Chatterjee, who had been appointed advocate general by the present dispensation in the state and had resigned later, said.
Kolkata: There was panic among commuters following repeated sparks and sudden darkness inside a Kolkata Metro Railway rake here on Sunday night. There were, however, no injuries.Many passengers got out of the train by breaking the window glasses in a desperate bid to ensure their safety near the Netaji station in the Kudhat area.The Kavi Subhas station bound train from Dum Dum developed the snag while approaching Naetaji station and came to a halt. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”As the lights suddenly went out there was a big commotion inside the train. Many children traveling in the train for terrified and started crying. There was an announcement in the public address system asking the passengers to get out of the train quickly,” said a passenger.”There were sparks earlier also during the journey. We raised an alarm, but nobody listened to us. After the train gales Aa here, the doors did not open. After waiting for five minutes, we finally broke open the glass windows and came out,” said another passenger. The train services were disrupted after the incident.Metro Railway sources said the problem arose due a power failure.
Darjeeling: The Forest department will be lodging an FIR against the motorman of the Intercity Express train that mowed two elephants (mother and cub) in the Jalpaiguri district on Friday morning.The incident occurred at around 7:45 am in between Redbank Tea Estate and Debpara Tea Estate near Railway Pillar 875 and Banarhaat when a herd of elephants were crossing the tracks. The train runs between Siliguri Junction and Alipurduar.While the mother and the calf died on the spot, the rest of the herd moved into Dyna forest. “We have been constantly coordinating with the railways regarding elephant movement throughout the State. In the past, we have requested the railways to ensure that motormans exercise caution while driving through elephant corridors. It seems they have turned a deaf ear,” retorted Binay Krishna Burman, Forest Minister, Government of West Bengal.This year, four elephants have been mowed down by speeding trains (including these two elephants) in North Bengal.Since the conversion of the Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar railways track to broad gauge from meter gauge in 2004, 70 elephants have been killed.Ujjal Ghosh, Chief Conservator of Forest (Wildlife), Northern Circle: “The area in which the elephants were mowed down is an established elephant corridor.On Thursday, we had informed the Railways of elephant movement in the area and even intimated them of the location. The elephants were mowed down 500 meters away from the area we had earmarked. Ironically, the accident happened in broad daylight. We will lodge an FIR against the engine motorman.”The railways have constituted an enquiry committee. “The committee after conducting a thorough enquiry will submit its report,” stated Chandravir Raman, Divisional Railway Manager (DRM), Alipurduar.He, however, stated that the motorman of the train had applied emergency brakes when the elephants appeared on the tracks suddenly.”There is speed restriction of 30 km per hour from 5 pm to 5 am. As the accident occurred after 5 am, there was no speed restriction in the region at the time of the accident,” added Raman.Forest employees complain that the train was at a high speed at the time of the incident.
Kolkata: As many as eight persons were killed and 11 others injured in two separate road accidents that took place in Hooghly district on Friday night.The first mishap occurred on Assam Link Road near Dumurdaha bus stand when a speeding vehicle mowed down 11 persons who were taking part in a procession arranged for the immersion of idols. The vehicle overturned soon after it hit them. Out of the total 11 persons, five were declared brought dead after being rushed to a Chinsurah Imambara Hospital. Six others are undergoing treatment at a local hospital some of whom had suffered critical injuries. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe deceased have been identified as Manoranjan Bachar, Kartik Malik, Chiranjit Mondal, Bimal Roy and Seikh Khoka. According to the police, a local club took out its Durga idol immersion procession along the Assam Link Road in Hooghly when a speeding car hit them. The driver of the vehicle applied emergency brakes but failed to stop the vehicle. The locals rushed the injured persons to the hospital. After being informed, the cops reached the spot and started an investigation. The officers are probing if the driver was in a drunken state at the time of the accident. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAnother accident took place near Sahagunge area of Bandel on GT Road in the same district on Friday night when a speeding truck hit two Toto rickshaws. Three persons including the driver of the Toto were killed and five others injured. The truck driver fled the spot immediately after the accident while the helper was beaten up by the irate mob. He was later rescued by the police. The local residents staged protests. Police officers resorted to mild lathi charge to disperse the mob. The injured persons were taken to a local hospital. Police said the speeding truck was going towards Bandel from Hooghly when the accident took place near Katwa Gate. Police are conducting raids to nab the truck driver who had been at large since the incident occurred.
Kolkata: Various schemes taken up by the Panchayat and Rural Development department have not only helped the Self-Help groups to become economically independent but also in conserving the environment.Subrata Mukherjee, state minister for Panchayat and Rural Development department will release eco-friendly pens at a function on Monday. The unique eco-friendly paper made pens have been manufactured by some women associated with a Self-Help group at Para in Purulia district. It may be mentioned that the state Panchayat and Rural Development department has earned appreciation from the Centre for running Self-Help groups and implementing 100 days work programme excellently in the rural areas. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe ball point pens will be priced anything between Rs 5 and Rs 15. They contain a plastic refill while the bodies are made of coloured papers with a beautiful look. The paper has been processed so that it can be carried like ordinary plastic-made ball point pens. The use of plastic in the pens is minimum as the state government is slowly trying to do away with the use of plastic. “Each pen contains seeds of Palas or Simul trees so that after using the pens one can sow the seeds and help in aforestation. The women associated with the Self-Help groups are doing excellent jobs and many of them are coming up with new ideas that are excellent,” said a senior official. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may be mentioned that the fly ash made bricks manufactured by some women run Self-Help groups have become quite popular. The Panchayat and Rural Development department has opened eight brick kilns so far and the brick kilns are eco-friendly. All these Self-Help groups have become economically self-reliant. In Nadia, some women have become economically independent by doing pisci culture. The Panchayat and Rural Development department has dug up the water bodies and the state Fisheries department has given up the necessary training.
Advertisements for unhealthy foods and beverages with high sugar or salt may be contributing to the growing obesity epidemic among children as researchers have found that such commercials adversely impact their food choice and lead to harmful diets.The researchers examined caloric intake and dietary preference among more than 6,000 children and assessed the effects of unhealthy food and beverage marketing. The study showed that marketing increased dietary intake and influenced dietary preference in children during or shortly after exposure to advertisements. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“The findings demonstrate the influence that these advertisements, which are a growing epidemic, have on children’s food choices,” said lead author Behnam Sadeghirad, Ph.D. student at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The study, published in the scientific journal Obesity Reviews, revealed that children are exposed to an average of five food ads per hour, with unhealthy foods accounting for greater than 80 per cent of all televised food advertisements in Canada, the United States and Germany. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWhen children were exposed to unhealthy advertisements, they consumed significantly more unhealthy than healthy calories, the findings showed. The study also suggest that younger children might be more susceptible to the impact of food and beverage marketing in terms of quantity and quality of calories consumed. “Overall, our analyses show the need for a review of public policy on child-targeted unhealthy food and beverage marketing,” corresponding author of the study Assistant Professor Bradley Johnston at McMaster added.
Kolkata: Indian football coach Stephen Constantine believes the team can make it out of the group stages of the forthcoming Asian Cup, a tournament in which the country has time and again failed to shine. “I honestly believe we can get out of the group and that is our target. Of course, we need to be on our game in all three games and we will take one game at a time,” Constantine told IANS from Abu Dhabi. In their previous three attempts, India’s best performance in the continental competition came 55 years ago when they finished runners-up. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life India had gained a direct qualification to the finals of the tournament in 1964 after several Western Zone teams pulled out due to political reasons. Under English coach Harry Wright, India had got the better of South Korea and Hong Kong to cement their second place in the four-nation round-robin format meet. The team had to wait 20 years to qualify for the finals again, and in both occasions (1984, 2011) bowed out of the group stages. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedUnder Constantine, the Sunil Chhetri-led side has done well in recent times, attaining close to an all-time-high FIFA ranking and qualifying for the finals of the Asian Cup as group-toppers ahead of Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar and Macau. The English-Cypriot coach, who is in his second stint with the national team, said the fact that they have the second youngest team in the competition augurs well for Indian football going ahead. “We are, in fact, the second youngest team in the Asian Cup and that is a huge plus for Indian football going forward as these boys now go into the future with the experience of a major event. “The experience of the older lads is also important and I am sure the youngsters will do India proud,” the 56-year old stated. In the lead up to the big-ticket meet, India have played China, Jordan and Oman in preparatory friendlies. Constantine had previously said the boys could do with a few more games with top Asian teams. “Yes, we could have done with a couple of more games but it wasn’t for the lack of trying…. it just didn’t happen. But we have had several very difficult games and overall I am happy with the way things are going,” the coach said when asked whether he is content with how things have shaped up. India are already in Abu Dhabi where they will take on Thailand on January 6 at the Al Nahyan Stadium. Constantine said it will act an as advantage. “It’s a big plus for us having been here a good two weeks before the first game against Thailand on January 6.” India played out a goalless draw against current Gulf Cup of Nations champions Oman after reaching here. Constantine said the result was encouraging ahead of the games but at the same time showed what they need to work on. “Well, after last night’s result against Oman there are always going to be a few things that we can work and we will look to do that before the Thailand game,”he concluded.
The book release function of six poetry collections and one anthology of Author Neelam Saxena Chandra was held at ICCR Azad Bhawan on April 20 in the presence of Amarendra Khatua, Director General ICCR and renowned poet, Laxmi Shankar Bajpai, Ex-Dy. Director General, AIR, Dr Mridula Tandon, Philanthropist and Founder Member of SAKSHI and Sudarshan K Cherry, Founder, Authorspress. The books released include two of her English poetry collections titled “The Soul Unbound” and “Trove of Musings” with co-poet Raksha Hegde and four Hindi poetry collections “Main Bahane Lagi Hun”, “Maine Rang Diye Alfaaz”, “Maine Tarashe hain Alfaaz” and “Rangi Main Tere Rang Mein”. An anthology “Ek Sahar Ummid Bhari” compiled by Neelam and edited by Shweta Bhatt was also released during the occasion. The books have been published by Authorspress, which is a publishing venture with a missionary zeal founded by Sudarshan K Cherry. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAn author of four novels, one novella and five short story collections, 19 poetry collections and 10 children’s books, Neelam Saxena Chandra works as Joint Secretary for U.P.S.C., India. She was listed in Forbes as one among 78 most popular authors in the country in 2014.The evening began with the book release of “Main Bahne lagi hun”, followed by “Maine Rang Diye Alfaaz”, “Maine Tarashe hain Alfaaz”, “Rangi Main Tere Rang Mein”, “Trove of Musings” and “The Soul Unbound”. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveA very special feature of Neelam’s books is the cover pages which have been made by some well-known artists such as Janhavi Bhide, Pankaj Saxena, Ritu Bhatnagar and Raksha Hegde. This was followed by Neelam reading out a few poems from her collections that touched the heart of the audience. Neelam informed that she is motivated by day-today experiences in and around her in writing poems. The guests praised Neelam for her contribution to the world of literature.An anthology titled’ Ek Sahar Ummid Bhari’ compiled by Neelam Saxena Chandra and edited by Shweta Bhatt was also released on the occasion.
The residents of National Capital Region will have the unique opportunity to witness a breathtaking exposition of the Odisha culture at the lawns of India Gate this month. The three day event organized by Oria Samaj from April 29 to May 1 will bring alive the spectrum of Odisha’s history, art, culture, traditions, dance forms, culinary delights etc in a splendid style – the Indomitable Orias. Narrating the objective behind the venture Sidhartha Pradhan, retired IRS officer and President of the Samaj said “This, first of its kind presentation to showcase the culture of Odisha with its multi-faceted dimension is to place before the National audience many unknown and lesser known facts about Odisha, an ancient civilization and the indomitable spirit of Orias, who have traditionally espoused a culture of Nationalism and Universal Brotherhood”. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf The replicas of the three colourful chariots of Jagannath Dham will welcome the visitors to the abode of Oria culture. An exhibition titled – ‘Atma Shakti’, the power within propelling the indomitable spirit of Odias, will guide the visitors through the enchanting history of this ancient civilization. The exhibition through displays and narration will help the visitors to know about the progress of this ancient civilization over centuries including the march of the mighty Kalinga Empire which at its height under the native King Kharabela included eastern India and large segments of Central India and extended from River Ganges to River Godavari. The glorious maritime past during which Orias had flourishing overseas contact with many countries like the Roman Empire, Ceylon, China, Burma, the islands of Indonesia – Java, Bali, Sumatra, Borneo, collectively known as ‘Suvarnadipa’ in the ancient worldwill guide the visitors to the golden era in the country’s history. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive The valour of Paikas, a native army which fought the first war of independence against the British much earlier to the Sepoy Mutiny and the resurgence of the Jagannath Culture inspite of attack and invasion of the Jagannath Temple for 18 times will enlighten the inquisitive minds of knowledge seekers. The panels and exhibits will also describe the resurrection of the state and Orias gaining separate statehood unifying the Oria speaking areas in 1936. The narration will carry the visitor through the hidden treasure of mineral wealth, pristine flora and fauna to the modern day monuments of giant industries, oil refineries and infrastructure – a glimpse into the potentials of a resurgent Odisha. A symbolic replica of the Mountain Caves of Udayagiri will be erected at the site to provide the backdrop for a spectacular multi projector – projection mapping film– a brief light and sound presentation on Odisha and its spellbinding charm. ‘Hasta Shilpa Haat’ – the handicraft and handloom section in the festival will be the treasure trove of famed Orishan artifacts, sculptor and famous textiles. The high point of this haat will be live demonstration of various art forms like ‘pattachitra’ paintings, shell crafts, stone crafts, famed appliqué work, stone work, ‘sambalpuri sari’ weaving etc by master craftsmen and weavers. The display of sand art by internationally acclaimed sand artist Padmashree Sudarshan Pattnaik will be a major attraction in the Odisha Parba. A workshop in sand art will be conducted by Sudarshan which is sure to inspire the upcoming talents of National capital to learn about this globally acclaimed art form. To top it all the Odisha Parba will have an eatery enclave which will be serving authentic Oria cuisine consisting of mouth watering snacks, world famous Oria sweets, veg and non-veg thali including a variety of sea food. Many of these food items will be novelties for the gourmets of the cosmopolitan national Capital.The Odisha Parba will be inaugurated on April 29 by Arun Jaitley, Union Minister for Defence and Finance and Minister of Corporate affairs, Govt of India. Dipak Misra, Judge, Supreme Court of India and Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas (I/C), Govt of India will be the Guests of Honour. Venkaiah Naidu, Union Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Information and Broadcasting will be the Chief Guest on April 30 and Draupadi Murmu, Governor of Jharkhand has consented to be the Chief Guest for the programme on May 1.
With the change of season, it’s time to dig into food items that are not served throughout the year. Try gajar pak, bathua ka saag or gucchi ki galawat that are mostly prepared with ingredients only available during winter, say experts: * Bathua ka saag: Bathua (Chenopodium album) is rich in iron and calcium, low on fat and tasty too. This season is all about sweets and fattening food, hence bathua is a good way to add the right balance. Also, this is the best season to consume as Bathua is abundantly found during winter. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* Green garlic sabzi: Another ingredient that is available in winter is the green garlic. Whilst the most common thing one can do is make chutney but you can also prepare green garlic sabzi. It has a lovely and balanced flavour which is noticeable but not overpowering.* Undhiyu: For most Gujaratis, winter isn’t winter without the steaming bowls of undhiyu on their dining table. ‘Undhu’ which means upside down in Gujarati is a mixed vegetable dish that is a regional specialty of Surat. Definitely a must try in this season. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Gajar pak: Winter is here, and it’s the season for vibrant red carrots. There’s nothing better than making some gajar halwa. Apart from that, you can even try gajar pak. It is same as halwa but presented in the form of a barfi.* Daulat ki chaat: Daulat ki chaat is frothy and foamy treat which is a part of every feast and celebration. This cottony pile of foam is made out of thick creamy milk and is topped off with sugar, cardamom, almond flakes and pistachios. * Shorba-e-Gulzar soup: It is a tomato shorba prepared with fresh tomatoes and roasted cumin seeds. Murgh badami shorba is an extract of chicken with garlic and Indian spices with almonds. Shorba is traditionally prepared by simmering of meat or vegetables and flavoured with aromatic traditional Indian spices and herbs.* Gucchi ki galawat: It is a mouth-melting patty of wild mushrooms infused with smoked spices – perfect for vegetarians. Galauti kebab, which is a soft succulent patty of lamb blended with exotic spices, is a trademark of Lucknow. * Nalli nihari: Lamb shanks simmered overnight in a silken golden gravy with special Indian spices is again a Lucknowi special.
Riviera 2018, the annual sports and cultural extravaganza event that attracts some of the finest young minds from all over the world commenced with a bang on February 15, at VIT in Vellore. After enthralling the audiences on its first day, the festival continued to present back to back performances, thereby highlighting the rich cultural heritage of different countries.Aikya, a commemoration of the unity in diversity that our nation is famous for and immensely proud of, was conducted on the second day of Riviera’18. Aikya was one of the vibrant displays of grace and power associated with Indian culture. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe event offered an important platform for the performers as well as an opportunity to spread awareness about varied cultures of Indian states. A key aspect of any culture is the clothing associated with it, and students of VIT went up and above in this regard, by dressing up in amazing vibrant colours.Another special highlight was ‘Infusion’, an International exhibit of cultures around the world, which was conducted on the third day of the festival. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”The main goal of Infusion is to motivate students from all over the world to form strong cross-culture relationships, which would help the students improve their cultural awareness on a global scale,” Said Ujjawal Surana, student organizer of Infusion.Krishna Radhakrishnan, President, Women Entrepreneur’s Welfare Association, Tamil Nadu graced the occasion as chief guest for the event.Apart from cultural performances, a workshop on Global Skills was conducted during the event. It was graced by the presence of the team from the upcoming Tamil movie Sagaa. Also, Khalbali, the street play was conducted by the students where they portrayed social problems through a creative medium. Hindi was used as the language of conversation throughout the play.The ‘Spokesperson’ event was also conducted to develop and improve the oration skills of students. What’s interesting to note is that students from around 29 countries have worked to put on a graceful display of the diverse cultures that exist around the world.
During his studies at Oxford, the author Thomas Day was amused by Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s book Emile, or On Education, which contained practical ideas about education. Inspired by the book, Day decided to write a list of requirements for his future wife and started searching for one. While in university he was rejected by a few women, hence, he decided to make one, i.e. to educate one, using his own concepts and Rousseau’s theory. In 1796, supported by his barrister friend by John Bicknell, Day chose two girls from orphanages, ages 11 and 12. His idea was that the one who would prove herself to satisfy his concept of a perfect woman would become his wife.Day, who inherited a fortune from his father in his infancy, has been described as a short-tempered character with a brooding personality and a face marked with smallpox scars. His friend Richard Lovell Edgeworth was also introduced to Rousseau’s work and the two men became admirers of the philosopher, with a particular affinity for his book Emile, or On Education.Thomas Day in 1770Day had performed his first Emile style educating exercise, the learning-by-doing technique, on Edgeworth’s son, Dick. After graduating from Oxford, he accompanied his friend to Ireland as a tutor to Dick. After falling in and out of love, Day concluded that it would be impossible to find a wife who would match his standards.Blaming women’s education for his “misfortune,” he found the solution in “creating” his ideal wife, which meant that he should raise her from her adolescence using the techniques laid in Rousseau’s book.Richard Lovell EdgeworthAlong with his friend, Bicknell, an English barrister and writer, Day created a plan to find two girls who he would groom to become a perfect wife. Just as the expectations of any experiment, a failure was anticipated, so he decided on taking two girls instead of one – if one failed to “pass the test,” the other probably wouldn’t. So, right after his 21st birthday, a time when he was also given a full access to his money, Day traveled with Bicknell to the Shrewsbury Orphan Hospital to select the first girl. Day had a hard time choosing a girl, so Bicknell picked out a 12-year-old named Sabrina.Sabrina was described as beautiful and with a pleasant voice. Of course, the reason for adopting a girl wasn’t mentioned to the orphanage secretary, instead, by the orphanage policies, for the foster parent to be in marriage, the two friends stated Edgeworth as the person legally accountable for Sabrina. At the time Edgeworth wasn’t aware of the arrangement. Sabrina and Day met for the first time at the lodgings in London, in August 1769. He changed her name to Sidney after one of his heroes, Algernon Sidney. Just a month later he chose the other girl for his experiment and named her Lucretia, after the Roman matron.Shrewsbury Orphan Hospital, which now forms part of Shrewsbury School. Photo creditA contract was made for the girls stating that in a period of a year, Day would choose the one he would marry while the other one would be given as an apprentice to a woman in a trade and also a fee of 100 pounds (equivalent to $15,734 in 2017). When the girl decided to marry, or if she were willing to start her own business, Day would pay her a further 400 pounds (equivalent of $62,936 in 2017). In case he decided not to marry his intended bride, he would pay her the fee of 500 pounds (equivalent of $78,671 in 2017). Bicknell signed as guarantor for the contract.Wishing for the girls to be influenced solely by him, Day moved with them to France. As they could not understand French, it was easy for Day to be their sole educator. Following the education techniques in Emile, Day focussed exclusively on the girls’ education. He expanded their primary education to basic arithmetic and reading while at the same time they had responsibilities such as cleaning, cooking, and other housework. Willing to discuss complex concepts with the girls, Day taught them rudimentary theories in physics and geography. The girls received tasks such as observing the seasons’ changes and writing down details of the sunsets and sunrises. Day also presented to them the philosophical contempt for luxury according to Rousseau.Rousseau’s Emile, or On EducationIn his letters to Edgeworth, Day revealed his favoring of Sabrina as she appeared more willing to be taught than Lucretia. However, according to 19th-century historians, both girls became bored with their education, which made Day impatient and angry. In the spring of 1770, Day and the girls returned to England. where Lucretia was apprenticed to a milliner while Sabrina’s education was taken to another level.In Emile, Rousseau explains the concept of “negative education,” which Day interpreted to mean that he should submit the girl to endurance tests that would help in hardening her nerves. Attempting to increase Sabrina’s resistance to pain, for example, Day would pour hot sealing wax over her back and arms, or stick pins in her while at the same time he commanded her not to cry out. Rousseau also stated that the person would get accustomed to explosives if, for example, fireworks or pistols explode near them. So Day shot a pistol loaded with powder directly into the girl’s petticoat.To test her resistance to luxury, Day gave Sabrina a box full of silk and ordered her to throw it all in the fire. In the end, he had some success with her education but not a complete one. Sabrina could endure the hot wax without a sound but couldn’t prevent herself from screaming when Day fired his gun at her. There came a time when Sabrina started questioning the techniques that Day used and to complain about things she was asked to do. Edgeworth visited Day and Sabrina for Christmas 1770 and suggested to his friend that the experiment had failed and that he couldn’t keep Sabrina any longer without marrying her because she was already too old.Frontispiece to Rousseau’s Émile by De Launay for the 1782 edition. The original caption reads: “A man’s education begins at birth”Day made a decision and in early 1771 sent Sabrina to Sutton Coldfield boarding school, where she remained for three years. In 1774, he arranged for Sabrina to become an apprentice to the Parkinsons, a dressmaking family. She fitted greatly in her new position, and the family treated her well, but unfortunately, their business went bankrupt less than a year later, leaving Sabrina with nowhere to go. Day arranged for her to become a housekeeper at the home of his friends, the Keir family.When Sabrina was 18, Day started reconsidering his decision to marry her. He began testing her again, and she appeared more responsive to his requirements, which made him think that he might have successfully created a perfect wife for himself. She found out about his intentions and eventually agreed to marry Day, so they became engaged.However, he was strict in his requirements about how she dressed and during one visit to the Keir family, Day gave precise instructions to his “future perfect wife” about what to wear. Moreover, it just happened that on the next visit to his friends, Sabrina wasn’t dressed by Day’s instructions, which resulted in his furious anger. He made his final decision: Sabrina did not fit his image of a perfect wife so he called off the engagement, sent her to a Birmingham boarding house with a stipend of 50 pounds per year (equivalent to $7,134 in 2017), and resolved never to see her again.Day was finally married in 1778 to an heiress, Esther Milnes. After eight years living in boarding houses around Birmingham, Sabrina received a marriage proposal from an apothecary. She wrote to Day asking for permission, but his answer was a strict no, and he even wrote a letter of refusal for her.Bicknell steps back into the story in 1783. He proposed marriage to Sabrina and again, she consulted Day about this. When once again he advised her not to accept the proposal, Bucknell told her the whole truth about her adoption and the purpose of her education.Sabrina, aged 75The failed perfect wife was furious when she realized the true nature of her education. She wrote several letters to Day in which she expressed her anger. Although he confessed that it was true, Day never apologized to Sabrina. Things settled and she eventually married Bicknell, while Day paid her dowry of 500 pounds in accordance with the contract made when he adopted her. The couple bought a house and had two children. However, the money they had disappeared due to Bicknell’s gambling habits. After only three years of marriage, Bicknell died of a paralytic stroke, leaving his family without any savings nor income.Related story from us: Nine drops since 1930: The longest running pitch drop lab experiment in historyHowever, Day sent Sabrina a new stipend of 30 pounds per year. Bicknell’s barrister friends raised some 800 pounds for her and the children, and she also found a job as housekeeper in the home of Charles Burney, a schoolmaster, and clergyman. After Day’s death, his widow, Ester, continued to send money to Sabrina who worked for Burney until she was 68.By the time she stopped working, Sabrina had her own four-storey house with servants. She died of a severe asthma attack in 1843, at the age of 86.
Like most NFL wide receivers, Antonio Brown always wants the ball. When Ben Roethlisberger missed him on what would have been a wide open touchdown pass against the Ravens yesterday, a frustrated Brown turned his displeasure into a sideline temper tantrum that saw him flip over a water cooler, and angrily shrug off offensive coordinator Todd Haley.Pittsburgh convincingly won the game, despite Brown going full diva. If Antonio ain’t happy, nobody’s happy.
Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Enroll Now for Free Is 3-D printing the harbinger of the next industrial revolution? 3-D printing pioneer MakerBot certainly thinks so, and the company says it is poised to lead the charge into the future. The Brooklyn, N.Y.-based startup has been acquired by and will merge with fellow 3-D printing company Stratasys.Under terms of the deal, MakerBot will be acquired for $403 million in Stratasys stock. MakerBot will operate as a separate subsidiary of Stratasys, which is based in Minneapolis. MakerBot co-founder and chief executive Bre Pettis will remain with the company.”We have an aggressive model for growth,” Pettis said in the announcement. “Partnering with Stratasys will allow us to supercharge our mission to empower individuals, and lead the next industrial revolution.”Related: How 3-D Printing Is Becoming a Game-Changer Across IndustriesNo longer solely the purview of makers, technological tinkerers, expensive laboratories and tech geeks, 3-D printing is quickly becoming the next big thing in technology, finding a significant foothold and making itself indispensible in industries ranging from medicine to tech accessories to farming.Stratasys specializes in professional-grade 3-D printers, while MakerBot’s products are more affordable for the general consumer. The merger should allow Stratasys to strengthen its position in the desktop 3-D printer market, while MakerBot will be able to utilize the larger company’s global infrastructure and leadership position in 3-D and additive manufacturing.Perhaps more importantly to the company’s loyal user base, MakerBot will be able to maintain the “spirit of collaboration” it has built with its users and partners. Thingiverse.com, MakerBot’s online portal for sharing user-generated digital-design content, is a significant draw for the company, with more than 500,000 unique visitors downloading a million files each month from the library of more than 90,000 3-D product files.The merger is expected to pass regulatory approvals and be in place by the third quarter.Related: MakerBot’s Bre Pettis on the Next Industrial RevolutionIn this video from 2011, Pettis talks about innovation and open-source hardware: June 20, 2013 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 2 min read This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience.
This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free Google Glass may not be dead, but it hasn’t exactly taken off as a consumer product. In January, the company killed its social media presence, ramping up its focus on its Project Aura headset instead. This decision points to the future of augmented reality technology as an enterprise solution, and other companies have already entered the market.Some companies are leveraging existing hardware such as iPads and smartphones, but others are developing innovative new products in the AR space. Magic Leap has raised almost $800 million for its “cinematic reality” device (which could be an AR contact lens, if the company’s patent applications are any indicator).And at least one reviewer has deemed Microsoft’s HoloLens “the future of computing.”Related: This Is What It’s Like to Strap a Microsoft HoloLens on Your FaceDigitally improving the real worldAlthough consumers may view AR technology as a gimmick, it could actually revolutionize the workplace by streamlining bulky processes and improving safety and communication.For example, AR technology is helping to transform employee onboarding. Instead of dispatching an employee to spend his or her entire workday training a new hire, AR allows each worker to access context-specific information at any moment. GetVu is one company leading this charge, using wearables and AR to increase efficiency and decrease packing errors in warehouses.Some of the earliest users of AR technology came from the design and construction industries. DAQRI’s smart helmet captures information about a user’s surroundings and delivers instructions and safety guidelines. In highly specialized settings, Scope AR’s Remote AR can deliver 3D instructions to technicians in the field.The possibilities aren’t limited to technical support and training, either; big data visualization has huge potential. Creating a virtual environment for data presentation may take a lot of creativity and computing power, but some early adopters have created handy tools for 3D visualization: An example is IBM and its Max Reality.Enterprise startups can light the way.AR technology is poised for a bright future, with engaged employees, knowledge-sharing and improved, automated data collection. Enterprise startups should follow these four steps to position themselves for leading the charge in this market:Survey the stakeholders. Whether you work with universities or hospitals, architects or warehouse workers, you should find out where the technology will have the most impact. The best augmented reality must reflect actual reality: If a job site is too dark or employees must always wear thick gloves — as Bentley Systems has suggested for utilizing AR in construction — AR may be effective solution. No application is too small.Related: Why Your Startup Needs Augmented Reality Business CardsThink about hardware. Don’t take legacy systems for granted. Many of the enterprise applications of AR are in physical or dangerous environments, and Google Glass or Microsoft’s HoloLens might lack the necessary durability. DigiLens, on the other hand, is in the process of designing an AR helmet for motorcyclists, a scenario in which durability is paramount. An AR application will lose relevance quickly if the hardware cannot stand up to its intended operating environment.Target motivated trailblazers. Find the industries facing big challenges at the intersection of the physical and digital. This could be manufacturers looking to drive efficiency and save money, or farmers needing data to optimize harvests. The companies with the biggest needs will be the ones most motivated to invest and push the limits of this new technology.Consider data inputs. As evidenced by a recent presentation on using HoloLens apps for tracking airline flights, AR technology needs data to function effectively. Find the most valuable and contextual data to drive the desired output. Will static information be enough to optimize the solution, or will it require real-time sensors? A great interface is useless if it lacks the necessary data.Related: 5 Magical Augmented Reality Apps You Should TryCompanies looking to invest in AR technology must ensure that their approach is driven by ROI, but there are many reasons for optimism. Innovators are creating bold new products and leveraging the existing architectures of mobile devices to drive real progress across a range of applications. And that’s creating multiple avenues for growth in the workplace. AR is no longer the future; it’s already here. 4 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now May 19, 2016